News of Linwood
Linwood Great American Cleanup April 23rd 2016
Calling All Volunteers!!!!
On April 23rd, 2016 Linwood will once again be doing a Great American Cleanup in our neighborhood. There will be two main areas of focus. The first will be a cleanup of The Eastern Avenue off-ramp from Columbia Parkway. The second is Phyllis Lane.
Every year, thousands of volunteers come together to improve the quality of life in their community during the Great American Cleanup. From March through November, Keep Cincinnati Beautiful provides cleanup supplies and logistical support for a wide variety of cleanup and beautification projects.
The Eastern Avenue off-ramp from Columbia Parkway is where runners in the Flying Pig Marathon first enter Linwood. The cleanup of this area is an ...annual event to put a good face on the neighborhood for this national event. The runners continue down Eastern Avenue on their way to the finish line at Yeatman's Cove downtown.
Phyllis Lane is the road just past Bella Luna that leads from Eastern Avenue to the Beechmont Levee, heading to Mt Washington. This is a well-traveled and often seen area of our neighborhood and needs a good cleaning to freshen it up.
All volunteers please meet at the Tot Lot on Eastern Ave. The Tot Lot is located at the corner of Russell and Eastern Ave, right next to the Linwood Faith Tabernacle. We ask volunteers to arrive around 8:30 am and they will be directed to a cleanup area. Coffee, water, and snacks provided to get our engines going!
Any questions or to pre-register: email@example.com
OFFICIAL MEETING NOTICE; December 14, 2015
We have received a request from a Linwood Trustee and some Linwood residents to call a special meeting in regards to the Zoning Variance Request made by Mr. Brad Olinger and Sterling Properties, pertaining to the property at 3631 Russell Street, Cincinnati, OH, scheduled by the City of Cincinnati to be heard on December 21, 2015.
Since there is no meeting of the Linwood Community Council until January, 2016 to be able to address this issue, we have - per our By-Laws - scheduled a special meeting on December 14, 2015, to start at 7:00 p.m. at the Lindner Tennis Center at Lunken Playfield.
All residents and business owners of Linwood are invited to this meeting, which will determine the Council's recommendations for this property development.
Vice President & Acting President
Linwood Community Council
2015 Blitz Beautification Cleanup
Thanks to all who joined in the Keep Cincinnati Beautiful day. We had a great amount of participation. Because of this, we are planning a Blitz cleanup on November 7th, starting at 9:00 AM. This will a ground trash cleanup and our plan is to focus on the street and train track areas. Please join us. You can sign up on facebook event here: https://www.facebook.com/events/165693587112958/
We had such a great time on the first date that we just kept going. We have a lot of debris to pick up and have a new dumpster coming for the rest of it.
Meet down by the softball fields at Hutton or follow the signs to the site. We will have a dumpster, it shouldn't be too hard to find.
Join us for the 4th Annual Community Picnic.
Click below to see what you can look forward.
Linwood Community Garden 2014 ready for planting
Get ready for a great new year. Plots are assigned and plants are in the ground.
Feel free to contact Garden@linwoodcommunitycouncil.org for more details or with any questions!
Linwood Community Garden 2014 Sign Up
Neighbors and Gardeners,
It's that time again! Sign-up forms for the 2014 Linwood Community Garden are available. If you are interested in renting a plot for the first time or renewing your plot from last year, please complete these forms and return them with your dues (You do not need to be a resident of Linwood to participate--all are welcome). As always, feel free to contact Garden@linwoodcommunitycouncil.org for more details or with any questions!
Linwood Community Garden: Year 1 In Review
Have you checked out our Garden? Want to secure your spot for 2014?
This year we had very good crops. Strawberries and Peppers did great! Sweet potatoes, Zucchini, Squash, Watermelon, Tomatoes, end even some Giant Sunflowers made their way into the garden this year.
We have rescheduled the community garden expansion work for Saturday, 10/19 at 9:00 am. If we get enough volunteers, we should be done by noon. The more the merrier. Also, if you have a cordless drill, please bring it, as construction of the new beds will be the time limiting factor. We would love to see you, even if you did not join the garden this year. Come check out what we've built and get your hands dirty with your neighbors.
If you have not yet been assigned a plot, email The Garden to grab part of the remaining space available.
Linwood Community Council: 2014 Engagement Survey
The 2nd Community Picnic was a success.
Join us next year for the third installment of the Annual Linwood Community Picnic.
Click below to see what you missed.
2013 Holiday Social!
You Are Invited... ...to the Linwood Community Council’s Holiday Social! December 17th, 2013, 6:30 PM At the Lindner Tennis Center at Lunken Playfield Please bring a dish to share, and enjoy some holiday merriment! We look forward to seeing you there!
Well we are winding down for the 2013 calendar year, and it has been a good year for the Linwood Community Council...
2013 Linwood Clean Up - Phyllis Ln and Church St.
Join us for our Clean-Up Cincinnati Day, Saturday, Oct 26, 2013 @ 10:00 am
Start in Bella Luna parking lot and clean the streets and surrounding.
New Trash Bins for Cincinnati Residents
Linwood is scheduled to get new trash bins begining the month of June.
The City of Cincinnati's Solid Waste Program is committed to reducing its reliance on landfill disposal by promoting reuse, recycling and composting and is responsible for ensuring adequate waste disposal capacity for its residents.
The City is currently delivering approximately 90,000 trash carts to single-family homes and residential buildings with up to 4 units.
3-Council Meet'N Greet
Please note that the Linwood Community Council will be the hosts for the quarterly 3-Council Meet'N Greet. The event will be held at the Swampwater Bar & Grill on Kellogg Avenue on Tuesday, October 15, 2013, starting at 6:00 pm or so.
We hope to see lots of Linwoodites in attendance!
Officer Brown will be acting as the new Neighborhood Liaison for Linwood along with Madisonville.
Contact Office Brown
Columbia Tusculum Home Tour – October 13th!
Columbia Tusculum is "225 Years Young" this year!!
On October 13th from 11-4pm, experience the unique opportunity to tour 15+ homes and historic buildings in the beautiful "Painted Lady" district of Cincinnati's oldest neighborhood. Plus, many tour stops features live music provided by the talented students of Columbia Tusculum's own Riley School of Irish Music.
Tickets are $10 in advance at CTHomesTour.com and $12 day-of. Kids under 12 are free.
The tour begins at Columbia Square - 3543 Columbia Parkway, Cincinnati 45226. We look forward to seeing you there!
2013 National Night Out with Cincinnati Police
The 2013 National Night Out will take place on Tuesday,
August 6th, 2013, 6:00-9:00 PM @ Owl's Nest Park,
located at 1984 Madison Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio 45208
The 1st Community Picnic was a success.
Join us for the 2nd Annual Community Picnic.
Click below to see what you can look forward.
CRC Needs Lifeguards
CRC needs more than 40 additional lifeguards to staff the pools for the summer. Complete training is provided.
The next two lifeguard training classes are June 4-8 and June 11-15.
Both classes will be held at Ryan Pool (Westwood – 2856 Fischer Place, 45211).
Classes are Tuesday – Saturday, 9:00 a.m. – 5:00 p.m. each day. Lifeguards must be age 15 or older and will start earning $8.31 per hour. Previous lifeguard experience counts toward higher pay rates – up to $9.69 per hour.
Please see the Pools & Aquatics section of CRC’s website (cincyrec.org) for more information or call 357-POOL (7665).
Linwood Community Garden: Opening for planting!!!
If you have not yet been assigned a plot, email The Garden to grab part of the remaining space available. First come first served. Once it is gone, you will have to wait for next year to join in the fun when we hope to grow our group.
FREE FAMILY SUMMER FUN AT SMALE RIVERFRONT PARK
Upcoming Events at Smale Riverfront Park:
May 23 Bach & Boombox
May 31 Movie: Brave
May 30 Bach & Boombox
June 1 Zak Morgan Concert
June 22 Madcap Puppets
June 28 Movie: Over the Hedge
July 6 Ooh Lala and The Greasers
July 13 Frisch Marionette
July 26 Movie: Dr. Seuss' - The Lorax
August 16 Movie: Oz-The Great & Powerful
August 17 Madcap Puppets
August 29 A Midsummer's Night Dream
August 30Movie:Escape from Planet Earth
August 31 Zak Morgan Concert
September 13 Movie: Frankenweenie
September 14 New Vega Concert
September 15 Bullonney/Wump Mucket Puppets
Squealing Through Linwood
Every year for the last several, over 20,000 runners actually run the full marathon coming through Linwood at the back end of their race. We are proud to support them, and you have probably been mildly inconvenienced by the closure of Eastern Ave., scratching your head at why folks would do that (run 26.2 miles) to themselves, and maybe gotten caught up in the spirit of the moment (SQUEALING!).
This year we are making an even stronger commitment to supporting the Flying Pig by having two official "squealing stations" and organizing a clean up of the area for the weekend before. We would love to see you on Sat. April 27 at 9:00 a.m. to help clean up under the overpass from Columbia Parkway at the far eastern end of Eastern Ave. Then, on Sunday May 5th join us to make noise and welcome those runners.
What's in it for us? The Flying Pig Marathon is a huge supporter of neighborhoods and activism in Cincinnati. They have something called the PIGGEST Raffle - that allows you to purchase a flying pig - watch it fly from the drop point on Sat. May 4th - and see if you win one of several prizes including a 2013 Toyota Prius for a two year lease. All you have to do is donate to the Flying Pig Piggest Raffle ($5 per chance) and...anything you donate will get returned to Linwood in the form of a charitable contribution.
Linwood Community Garden: opening this spring!!!
Before the community garden is ready for spring planting, we need to have one more work session...I mean, garden party...in order to turn over some of the organic matter we have sitting on top of the soil and then top off the beds with more soil. We also need to drive in some rebar to reinforce the bed walls. Greg Stefani has offered to haul dirt from Hafner for us, and right now, the best date in the near future looks like March 30 around 10:00am. We need at least 5-10 volunteers to help, but really the more the merrier. I know that is the day before Easter and lots of folks will have travel plans and egg hunts in the way, but if you are willing to help out, please let me know. If we don't get a big enough response we will reschedule for a different day, but we want to get this done as soon as possible so we can start planting!
Also, if you have any of the following at home, please bring them on the 30th:
We already have over half of the plot space currently available rented out for this year! If you want to have a plot, please get your registration materials to me as soon as possible to ensure you get a space. If we have a lot of interest, we have room to expand, but I don't know what the timeline for that expansion would be so best to get your registration in now. If you need a registration packet or have any questions, email The Garden for sign-up information. To write the council by snail mail, our mailing address for the Linwood Community Council is - PO Box 9374, Cincinnati, OH 45209
Museum Camp registration is now open!
Museum Camp programs at Cincinnati Museum Center are more than just day camps. They're fun crash courses in science, history, art and more for kids 7 to 12! Registration is now open for our spring break and summer camps, so c all (513) 287-7021 to reserve your spot TODAY!
I Wish It Were Summer Museum Camp March 25-29 and April 1-5, 2013
Click here for dates and more info
The OKI Regional Council of Governments is updating a strategic policy plan in southwest Ohio, northern Kentucky, and southeast Indiana, and they want to hear from you about your opinions. OKI’s original policy plan aimed to improve quality of life and service to the public in the region. Much has changed since the plan was adopted in 2005. With this update, OKI is re-visiting some strategic issues and considering others for the first time, and is inviting public feedback through a brief questionnaire that takes about 5 minutes to complete. The questionnaire can be found at www.howdowegrow.org and will be available until the end of 2012.
NSP funding proposal
Next General Membership Meeting of Linwood Community Council
Tuesday, March 26, 2013; 7:00 pm at the Lindner Family Tennis Center, Lunken Playfield
There will be a vote by the membership to amend our NSP funding proposal in order to bring it in line with the new City of Cincinnati fiscal year requirements. Please join us and let your voice be heard about how we spend the funds we get from the City of Cincinnati through the NSP program.
Linwood Community Garden: Bed Installation Update
We are going to be meeting at the garden location (behind Jacob Bros.) this Saturday at 10:30am. We are going to finish putting together the beds, till the soil under the beds, and fill the beds with soil. We have more work to do than last week in removing large rocks, tilling, loading and shoveling soil, and finishing off the beds, so we could really use some extra hands. Also we are in need of a cordless drill to finish constructing the beds. If you know of anyone I have left off this email who might be willing to help, please forward to them. Looking forward to seeing anyone who wants to help!
End Slavery Cincinnati Event Series
The new End Slavery Cincinnati Event Series, Human Trafficking in 2013, will be hosted at The National Underground Railroad Freedom Center. The event begins on February 21st and will continue from 6-8pm on the Third Thursdays of each month.
As human trafficking is an issue that affects all communities here in Cincinnati, we believe that education and awareness are keys to stopping it. If you would like to connect to services or report a human trafficking situation, please call the Greater Cincinnati Human Trafficking Hotline 513-800-1863. The hotline is available 24/7, is confidential, and tele-interpreters are available.
downloadable materials are available on our website
You Are Invited... ...to the Linwood Community Council’s Holiday Social! December 18th, 2012, 6:30 PM At the Lindner Tennis Center at Lunken Playfield Please bring a dish to share, and enjoy some holiday merriment! We look forward to seeing you there!
Well we are winding down for the 2012 calendar year, and it has been a good year for the Linwood Community Council...
Election time again!
We are now in the election cycle. We not only have the “big” elections coming up in November, but at our November 27th meeting of the council, we will also have our Community Coun-cil elections.
Come to the next meeting and vote!
August Letter from the President
Though your Linwood Community Council has been on recess in July, there has still been a lot of work and planning going on dur-ing this time..
2012 Community Picnic A Success!
The 1st Community Picnic was a success. Much thanks to Council President Tom Salamon, and the rest of the Council who helped to organize a great event.
The weather was perfect, the food was terrific, and the music was a delight.
Click below to see what you can look forward to next year.
Tuesday, August 7th, 2012, 6:00-9:00 PM @ Owl's Nest Park, located at 1984 Madison Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio 45208
District Two Officers Look Forward To Meeting You
On behalf of everyone in Cincinnati Police District Two, I want to invite you to attend our District-wide National Night Out event to be held in Owls Nest Park this year. We are looking forward to seeing you and your neighbors. This is a night when all of us can meet, talk in an informal setting, and share goals for the neighborhoods in District Two, and Cincinnati. We promise to have something special for everyone in your family, no matter what the age. I hope you will join us.
…read more about National Night Out
July Letter from the President
By the time you get this issue of the newsletter, summer will be in full swing..
*Change of Meet N Greet
Please make note that due to construction setbacks experienced by Double Barrel Brewery, we have to change the venue of the Meet N Greet.
The time will still be 6:30pm on Tuesday, May 22nd, but the event will now be held at the Sandbar on Kellogg Avenue. Would appreciate a good showing from the Linwood community.
Councilmembers Seek Community Input on 4-Year Terms in Public Hearings
Cincinnati Councilmembers want to hear from citizens before deciding which proposal for 4-year council terms to place on the November ballot. A majority of Councilmembers support 4-year terms as a non-partisan, “good government” reform.
After a presentation by Councilmember Laure Quinlivan, members voted two versions out of the Government Operations Committee in February. One option has all 9 members running in a single election every 4 years; the other option has staggered terms with 4 or 5 members running every 2 years.
In both versions, changes begin with the 2013 council election, and the 8-year term limit remains.
Quinlivan has organized a series of public hearings in City Hall and in the community to facilitate as much public debate and discussion as possible. Details for the remaining hearings are as follows:
Monday, May 7 at 6pm at Oakley Recreation Center, 3882 Paxton Avenue
Tuesday, May 22 at 6pm at Price Hill Recreation Center, 959 Hawthorne Avenue
The public is encouraged to fill out speaker cards and let Council know whether they prefer a change to 4-year terms with same year or staggered elections. Speakers have the opportunity to address Council for 2 minutes.
“Council will be more productive and collaborative with 4-year terms,” says Quinlivan. “Leaders in every major city in Ohio and most every city we compete with have 4-year terms to enable strategic planning and long term vision.”
Quinlivan also encourages anyone interested in providing feedback to take the following brief survey: https://www.surveymonkey.com/s/4-Year_Terms_Survey.
…get the PDF info
Timetable set for Eastern Corridor rail project
The rail project is the centerpiece of a $1.4 billion Eastern Corridor project designed to improve the region's transportation network.
After a series of meetings in communities, transportation officials tentatively planned to build rail stations in downtown Cincinnati, Adams Crossing, the East End, Columbia Tusculum, Lunken Airport, Beechmont Avenue at Wooster Pike, Red Bank Road south of Fairfax, Newtown Road, the Ancor/Broadwell Road area and Milford.
They have a Facebook page @ www.facebook.com/easterncorridor and a website @ www.easterncorridor.org/
…read more about the project
Recycle Challenge: Help Linwood earn Rewards
Do your part! Help our community earn rewards for putting out your Recycle bin. Simple!
The challenge asks community leaders to compete against each other to encourage their neighbors to recycle and increase participation by 10 percent. All the money we earn will go to helping us keep our neighborhood beautiful!
…read more about recyclebank …read more about the Mayor's challenge
March Letter from the President
Spring is fast approaching, and brings with it the rebirth of the foliage, flowers and greenery in our neighborhood. During the past few months your Linwood Community Council has been busy discussing ways to better our area and make it more friendly, safe and “usable” for our residents and businesses. We are actively in the process of a number of initiatives to this end.
Open sessions are being held throughout the City to help articulate the "strategic priorities" that will guide and inform funding decisions for the 2013/2014 budget. Each session is expected to last about two hours:
April 10 | 11:00 a.m. - The Public Library (Main Branch) - 800 Vine Street, 45202
April 10 | 6:30 p.m. -Pleasant Ridge Rec Center - 5915 Ridge Avenue, 45213
April 11 | 6:30 p.m. - Hartwell Rec Center - 8275 Vine Street, 45216
April 16 | 6:30 p.m. - Dunham Rec Center - 4356 Dunham Lane, 45238
April 17 | 6:30 p.m. - College Hill Recn Center - 5545 Belmont Avenue, 45224
April 17 | 6:00 p.m. - The Public Library (Avondale Branch) - 3566 Reading Road, 45229
In addition to the public meetings, please stay tuned into the process virtually:
…read more at their wiki
Please plan on attending our next Community Council Meeting when we will vote on the use of our new amount of NSP funds. The meeting will be January 24th, 2012 at 7:00 p.m
…to understand what NSP is click here
Linville Yates and other staff at the school stopped by to discuss community links to the school and how we can improve our interaction. The council is preparing to have a future Gerneal Meeting at the school and maybe get a tour of the facility.
We also recieved information from the Cincinnati Early Learning Centers that housing a program at the school for children ages 18 mo. to 5 years.
…read more from celcinc
On October 22, our neighborhood again participated in the Make a Difference Day in Cincinnati cleaning up the Area around the well know Linwood Footbridge.
Participate in the…2nd Annual Linwood Street Sale!
Sat. Oct 1st 8am-Noon
Please pay $5.00 to help with advertising costs, a helium balloon that morning, and be included on a handout map!
After the sale from 12:15pm-12:30pm, you may choose to donate any unwanted objects to St. Vincent De Paul’s truck.
The deadline to register your yard has been extended to Thursday Sep. 29th! If you would still like to be included on the map, please RSVP to Cindy McMorris.
September Letter from the President
Hope everyone is having a great summer...
…read the president's letter
Officer Love once again shares with us the crime in Linwood is one of the lowest in Cincinnati!
…find more crime data
The Project manager for the Cincinnati Streetcar stopped by our council to discuss with the community all sides of the Streetcar project. Information included studies for future Streetcar lines and background information on the time and effort put behind the decisions being made on the project.…read more about the Streetcar
Occupying 4720 Eastern Ave. Double Barrel Brewery is on it's way to being Cincinnati's newest Microbrewery. With a goal of bringing Cincinnati the beer that she deserves. Our city's brewing heritage is rich - it's time we honor that past. Come follow us as we build toward our in market launch September 2nd!
Earn points simply by recycling! Sign up at the Recyclebank website to make sure you are getting full benefits from Cincinnati's recycling programs.
June Letter from the President
Summer is already upon us...
…read the president's letter
This parent/student activity is open to Cincinnnai Public School Students from preschool - 12th grade. This is an educational event promoting health through exercise while learning about nature. You will be lead by park guides on a 20 minute breathtaking journey thrugh the nature trails in search of wildflowers, birds, pollinators. and more.
Request for bids for
Linwood is accepting bids or quotes from landscaping companies who's interested in clean up project.
Linwood Circle Project
Trim down all weeds and poison ivy
Limb up low hanging tree branches
Cut down vegetation under Beechmont Ave and Eastern Ave ramps
Rake and clear debris
The City and NSP supplys us with limited funds yearly to take care of grass and weeding in the neighborhood. Please e-mail us with your information:
The Cincinnati Police Department wants to pass on some timely Crime Prevention Tips For Children
Each year in Cincinnati thousands of our children are victimized by crime. It doesn’t matter your child’s age, sex or race or where they live and go to school, they too can become a victim of crime.
Impress upon your children that wherever they are, always remember to Be Alert! Always Be Aware of what is happening around them. The following tips can make a difference in your children eluding becoming victims to crime. As a parent it is important you review these suggestions in an effort to reduce the chances of you child becoming a victim.
Safety In the City of Cincinnati
- While you're walking remember:
- Have your mom or dad, or both of them, walk your school route with you to make sure it is safe.
- When your mom or dad cannot walk you, walk with a friend. Two heads are better than one, especially if there is an emergency. Strangers usually pick on one person.
- Always stick to the same route when going and coming from school.
- Don't take shortcuts.
- Be observant as you walk. Be aware of your surroundings. If you think you are being followed, you can cross the street.
- If you think you are in danger, yell "help" and run to the nearest store or back to school.
- If a stranger in a car asks you questions, don't get close to the car (you could get pulled in) and never get in it.
- Remember; a stranger is anyone you and your parents don't know or know well.
- Some adults can tell you what to do, such as a teacher or a police officer. But no adult can tell you what to do just because he or she is older than you. If you are ever in a situation that makes you feel uncomfortable in any way, you have the right to say NO, loud and clear.
- Don't tell anyone your name and address when you are out walking, and don't think that because someone knows your name that they know you, maybe he/she heard someone else call you by name.
- Establish a code or secret word that only you and your parents know.
Warning: Wearing clothing with your name anywhere on the outside tells strangers who you are.
Ault Park Advisory Council
Kids Olympics 2011
This year’s Kids’ Olympics will be held on July 16 at the Madisonville Recreation Center, 5320 Stewart Road, Cincinnati OH, from 9:30 a.m. - 2 p.m. Plan on spending a fun-filled day helping kids play games, create crafts, enjoy yummy food and more. Attire is casual, and t-shirts will be provided. Lunch, a DJ and other entertainment will help make this a memorable event! …read more on Kids Olympics …read more on Give Back Cincinnati
Officer Love once again shares with us the community crime is one of the lowest in Cincinnati
…find more crime data
My interest in serving on City Council reflects a simple belief: good people can make good things happen. I will use my honesty, energy, work ethic, and love of Cincinnati to create a more inclusive, in-touch, solution-oriented City Hall.
…more on P.G.
Asst. Attourney General Bart Cosgrove stopped by the council meeting to remind everyone about Fraud, especially targetting the Elderly. He warns to avoid Home Improvement Scams by giving deposits for work that total no more than 10% of the job. Also, to be aware of suspicious phone calls from people saying they need money, even if they say they are a son or daughter. Sweeptakes scams are also becomming more common, so if you get a call telling you that you have won a lottery you did not enter, or that you won $10 million and need to pay the taxes upfront, simply hang up the phone.
…more about Ohio Law
Use the online City Repair Request form to advise Cincinnati of our public service issues.
…to request city services
June Letter from the President
Summer is already upon us...
Citizen's On Patrol Program (COPP)
Looking for a great way to help out our community and our Police officers?
Put your junk in your trunk Linwood!
Items left in plain view are the top contributing factor in auto break-ins. The Cincinnati Police Department and Downtown Cincinnati Inc. urge you to follow the lead of our safety ambassador and "put your junk in your trunk!" Get in the habit of securing your vehicle by leaving items at home or putting them in your trunk before you arrive at your destination. You can reduce your chances of being victimized by following these simple steps:
- Always park in a well-lit spot at a meter, surface lot, or garage.
- Never leave anything visible inside your vehicle! Secure personal property such as stereo faceplates, radar detectors, loose change, gym bags/totes, sunglasses, cell phone charger, and electronics/cases in your trunk or take it with you.
- Always roll up your car windows and lock your doors.
- Report any unusual activity to the Cincinnati Police at (513) 765-1212
LWV of Cincinnati
Find out about local League of Women Voters of Cincinnati Area eduaction Fund
Pools are going to be OPEN for buisness in 2011! CRC is still looking for Lifeguards to man local pools.